Published in Evolution and Human Behavior
April 2011, online July 2011
We use data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System to examine the effects of offender and victim age on whether male offenders commit sexual assault while robbing women. Restricting analyses to robberies reveals the offenders' age preferences since it allows one to control for the effects of opportunity. We find that robbers of all ages are most likely to sexually assault women at ages 15–29 years, ages when their reproductive potential is highest. However, in contrast to the idea that rape is a direct adaptation, victims are no more likely to be raped than sexually assaulted at these ages. The age of the offender is also a strong predictor of sexual assault. The likelihood that a robber commits a sexual assault increases from age 12 years until he reaches his early thirties when it begins to decline. This age pattern corresponds, to some extent, to age differences in the male sex drive.
This paper, by the QUT Children and Youth Research Centre, summarises literature on unemployment, mental health and Work for the Dole programs. Australian and international evidence suggests that unemployed young people are more likely to experience mental health problems than employed people (e.g. greater anxiety and depression, higher suicide rates). Drawing on research undertaken in Australia and overseas we identify a link between mental health and unemployment. However, there is a lack of firm evidence with respect to the impact of Work for the Dole programs on the mental health of unemployed young Australians. See more
FIRST-YEAR university students are happier than ever. They like their teachers, reckon they get plenty of helpful feedback, and are less likely to drop out than any time in the past 20 years. They are clear about why they go to university, have a sense of purpose when they get there and enjoy the intellectual stimulation, according to a new study of the first year experience due to be released next week.
But the overall positive findings of the study, which has been published every five years since 1994, are marred by two clear and disconcerting findings. Students with low ATARs are not sharing the positive experience of the rest of their cohort. And only a minority of all first-year students are enjoying the collegial aspect of university. See more
A new report on the Brotherhood of St Laurence ‘Community VCAL’ (Victorian Certificate of Applied Learning) program describes the evolution of an integrated approach to assisting young people through teaching, wellbeing and pathways support. Original article