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Socioeconomic status and youth aggression in Australia
by Hellene T. Demosthenous, Thierry Bouhours and Catherine M. Demosthenous

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.4, pp.11-15

It is perhaps surprising, given the widespread concern about youth violence, that there has been little or no research into the effect of socioeconomic status on youth aggression. In the process of addressing this gap in the research, this Australian quantitative study of students, parents and teachers from socioeconomically diverse backgrounds found associations between socioeconomic status and aggressiveness in school students, which suggest directions for further research and for policy initiatives that may lead to a reduction in youth violence.

Pros and cons of early intervention
by Rob White

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.4, pp.16-23

In criminology, multifactor approaches hold that variations in, and combinations of, 'risk' and 'protective' factors are integral to explanations of youth offending. Interventions based on such approaches emphasise the need for multidimensional and holistic ways of working at the local community level. Rob White describes, evaluates and critiques the implications of these approaches and then considers some of the problems faced by those responsible for implementing intervention strategies - 'the forgotten warriors of community change ... those who actually have to shoulder the burden of social renovation'.

The second national census of homeless school students
by David MacKenzie and Chris Chamberlain

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.4, pp.24-31

About 12,230 school students were homeless in the week of the second national census of homeless school students, which was conducted in August 2001. The rate of homelessness was highest in the Northern Territory where the majority of homeless students were in remote communities. The rate was lowest in New South Wales and Western Australia; however, lower rates of student homelessness may indicate greater drop-out from school. The paper also outlines the authors' core policy argument that schools are important sites for early intervention, and concludes with a discussion of early intervention policy developments since 1995.

Young Australian women: Circumstances and aspirations
by Anita Harris

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.4, pp.32-37

For too long researchers have hidden young women underneath other demographic categories such as 'youth' and 'women'; however, young women are speaking up and reminding researchers of their diversity. Anita Harris provides an overview of the research that has been undertaken into Australian young women and suggests that although they enjoy greater opportunities, more rights and increased choices, young women also face considerable pressures to succeed, and challenges in terms of economic opportunities, civic participation, health, status and safety that need to be taken into consideration when deciding both research and policy directions.

'Hanging out': Print media constructions of young people in 'public space'
by Ruth Panelli, Karen Nairn, Nicola Atwool and Jaleh McCormack

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.4, pp.38-48

Young people's use and negotiation of 'public' space is often constructed as problematic in many settings. This paper reports on the print media portrayal of young people in 'public space' via a study of data collected (2000-2001) from the Otago Daily Times, the daily newspaper for Dunedin city and the Otago region, New Zealand. The authors argue that 'hanging out' in spaces beyond family and school arenas is presented as a problematic behaviour in much of the print data, and suggest that media writers/editors are producing constructions of young people in 'public space' (with a focus on drunkenness, disorder and the need for supervision) that are overwhelmingly negative. The portrayals carry a message that young people in groups are out of order and out of place, and suggest strategies for addressing problems that are based on the exclusion of young people from 'public space'. They are in stark contrast to relatively balanced accounts of participation in 'public space' that were obtained from young people.

Last modified: 11 December, 2007