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The first job: Experiences of young Australians starting full-time work
by Erica Smith

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.1, pp. 11-17 (Peer reviewed article)

School-to-work transition is an area of great policy interest at all levels of Australian government as evidenced in the expansion of vocational education and training in schools. Until recently, little attention was paid to the experiences of the majority of young people who do find employment, but increasingly the focus is shifting to broader issues involving student attitudes to work and career planning. In this exploration of the transition to work of 11 young people in New South Wales over a two-year period, Erica Smith analyses the changes in young people's attitudes to career and work in their first months of employment as they experience the reality of full-time employment and contend with particular challenges in the workplace.

How many homeless youth in 2001?
by David MacKenzie and Chris Chamberlain

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.1, pp.18-24 (Peer reviewed article)

In the December 2002 issue of Youth Studies Australia, David MacKenzie and Chris Chamberlain presented the main findings from the second national census of homeless school students. In this follow-up paper, they investigate whether youth homelessness is spread evenly across Australian States and whether some States are better at intervening early to prevent youth homelessness.

Reflections on youth violence
by Howard Sercombe

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.1, pp.25-30.

Young people are not the perpetrators of many violent acts; however, the amount of violence experienced by young people, either as perpetrators or victims, needs to be reduced. To do so, Howard Sercombe argues, requires the redefinition of violence as the intent to do harm, and the acknowledgment of forms of violence other than physical. Communities can then tackle cyclical violence by reducing the sum of violence against young people, and increasing their care for young people to make it harder for them not to care for others.

Danger on the roads! Masculinity, the car, and safety
by Malcolm Vick

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.1, pp.32-36 (Peer reviewed article)

Young men are the most dangerous people on Australian roads. Over the past five years, young male drivers have contributed dramatically more to the level of injury and damage from motor accidents than any other group. In this paper, Malcolm Vick argues that road safety campaigns that attempt to get young men to act rationally on the roads have limited success because they overlook powerful cultural constructions of masculinity that underpin and shape young men's actions. Vick identifies ways in which the media use the motor vehicle to offer models of realisation and/or expression to the dominant modes of masculinity. He suggests intervention in the production and circulation of these models, and the subsequent weakening of the association between dominant forms of masculinity and high-risk riding/driving behaviour, as an effective strategy to reduce the danger presented by young men on the roads.

Adolescent brain development
by Sedra Spano

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.1, pp.36-38

In 2001, the male death rate in the 15-19 years age group in Australia was over three times higher than the female death rate (Deaths, Australia, Publication no. 3302.0, ABS 2002). Malcolm Vick, in the preceding paper, ('Danger on the roads! Masculinity, the car, and safety') has suggested that breaking the connection between dominant forms of masculinity and high-risk behaviour in young men may reduce their death rate. Other researchers have focused on brain development during adolescence as a possible contributing factor in adolescent risk behaviour -- recent research has shown that the parts of the brain responsible for self-control, judgment, emotions and organisation change the most between puberty and adulthood. This may help to explain why some teenagers exhibit poor decision-making, recklessness, and emotional outbursts. Here, Sedra Spano, in an article originating from the Harvard Medical School, outlines some of the most relevant research that has occurred in this area in the past few years.

Substance use and adolescent brain development
by Aaron White

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.1, pp.39-45

Evidence suggests that adolescents may be more sensitive to learning and memory problems induced by alcohol, but less sensitive to coordination problems and sedation caused by alcohol. This may mean that adolescents can continue to drink longer than adults and thereby risk serious brain damage. One of the major researchers in the area of adolescence brain development is Aaron White from Duke University in the USA. His research explains how the brains of adolescents and adults differ in their reactions to alcohol and other drugs.

Impact: Youth crime prevention
Georgina Warrington and Paul Wright

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.1, pp.46-50

'Impact youth organisations reducing crime' is based in Toowong, Queensland and develops activity-based youth crime prevention projects for at-risk young people. These partnership projects incorporate a variety of crime prevention and general youth work approaches. This paper briefly illustrates what is happening in crime prevention in Australia and overseas, and where Impact's projects fit into current practice.

Last modified: 11 December, 2007