A quarterly international journal covering all aspects of adolescence, including issues and topics in psychology, physiology, sociology, and education.
University of Sydney, Medical Foundation
The university's current program of research has moved to development of new strategies and techniques that can be applied before the onset of the full-blown mental health condition or to track the response of the young person to appropriate psychological or medical treatment. The goal is the development of diagnostic and predictive tools for individuals, particularly young people with depression.
Australasian Medical Journal
Vol 2, No 6 (2009)
Marijeta Kurtin, Christopher Barton, Tony Winefield, Jane Edwards
Up to 20% of Australian adolescents experience mental health problems. Prior research has suggested that inhabitants of rural areas are at particular risk of mental health morbidity due to their location. The current study sought to investigate how ‘rurality’ influences the mental health of adolescents in rural South Australia, and to explore the perceptions of the mental health needs of adolescents as described by service providers in rural South Australia.
Daniel F. Connor
Foreword by Russell A. Barkley
Guilford Press, 2002
Paperback: ISBN 978-1-59385-091-3
Hardcover: ISBN 978-1-57230-738-4
Published in Nurse Education Today
For the past decade nurse education has incorporated service user and carer perspectives into their programme and research agendas. Moving from rhetoric to the reality of embedding adult service user and carer knowledge into nurse education this paper from UK researchers discusses how this good practice was extended to young people under the age of 18. Globally, the mental health of young people is coming under the spotlight and based on this two “World Café” events focusing on young people and their mental well being were organised. Targeting a multi-agency audience the aim was to develop a partnership consortium, bringing together local organisations involved in promoting the mental well being of young people. This paper reports on the first World Café, led by two local young people's groups, ‘Florescent Adolescent’ and ‘Vocal’. Following the presentations four important areas were identified (1) Inclusive rather than exclusive (2) Crystal ball gazing — young people's futures (3) A hole in the net — catching young people at the right time (4) Exposing the hidden agenda. The day resulted in three collaborative research proposals and the realisation that young people need opportunity to participate through utilising more innovative ways of engaging with the professional adult world.
Edited by David A. Wolfe and Eric J. Mash
Guilford Press, 2005
Paperback: ISBN 978-1-60623-115-9
Hardcover: ISBN 978-1-59385-225-2
BITE BACK is a new and evolving website where young people can share real, personal stories with others, check out videos, blogs and interviews of interesting people, read up on important issues, check and track their mental fitness, and enter awesome comps.
Child and Adolescent Mental Health provides a forum for the exchange of clinical experience, ideas and research. Its principal aim is to foster good clinical practice. Wide-ranging in its coverage, CAMH includes research studies, descriptions of innovative techniques and both descriptions and evaluations of new service developments.
Editors Catherine Jackson, Kathryn Hill and Paula Lavis
Published by Pavilion Publishing
ISBN: 978 1 84196 226 9
This handbook introduces the subject to the wide array of frontline workers in health, education and social services who have regular contact with children and young people, and need some knowledge of the mental health issues that affect them, and the services available.
Since its inception in 1930, Child Development has been devoted to original contributions on topics in child development from the fetal period through adolescence. It is a vital source of information not only for researchers and theoreticians, but for child psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, psychiatric social workers, specialists in early childhood education, educational psychologists, special education teachers, and other researchers in the field.
The journal's mission is to provide accessible, synthetic reports that summarize emerging trends or conclusions within various domains of developmental research and to encourage multidisciplinary and international dialogue on a variety of topics in the developmental sciences.
The official Journal of the International Society for Child Indicators, Child Indicators Research is an international, peer-reviewed quarterly that focuses on measurements and indicators of children's well-being, and their usage within multiple domains and in diverse cultures. The Journal will present measures and data resources, analysis of the data, exploration of theoretical issues, and information about the status of children, as well as the implementation of this information in policy and practice. It explores how child indicators can be used to improve the development and well-being of children.
A journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence.
Children Australia is a quarterly journal which aims to provide an opportunity for professional staff, academics and others concerned with children, youth and families, to report on research and practice in Australia and beyond.
Available from Orygen Youth Health, this Handbook is a practical guide to implementing cognitive-behavioural case management (CBCM) for young people with early psychosis.
The Guilford Press, 2010; pp. 332
ISBN : 978-1-60623-568-3
University of Sydney, School of Rural Health
Rural adolescents are likely to have a higher prevalence of health issues and poorer access to services, contributing to greater health disadvantages compared to their urban counterparts. This project aims to describe and quantify important health and wellbeing issues in adolescents in rural NSW in School Grades 5-8 (10 – 14 years) Quantitative health and well-being data will be collected in a representative sample of rural youth using a questionnaire. This is the Academic Department of Adolescent Medicine’s tool for a broad health and wellbeing assessment in adolescents between 10 and 18 years of age. It comes in two age group versions and uses branched question techniques around sensitive issues. This questionnaire has been used successfully under supervision but this study will be the first time that adolescents will complete it on line. Geocoding information on community facilities and resources will also be collected. There is the opportunity for a further study once the data collection and analysis are complete to take the information to focus groups for adolescents and their parents in order to establish community priorities and plan intervention studies.
In countries like the UK, people living in urban regions are more likely to suffer poor physical and mental health than rural populations, and to have increased rates of psychiatric disorder. Urban/rural differences in suicidal behaviour have most frequently focussed on variations in the occurrence of suicide. This study investigated rates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in urban and rural districts of Oxfordshire, England, and compared characteristics of DSH patients resident in these two areas. Information was collected on 6833 DSH episodes by 4054 persons aged 15 years and over presenting to the local general hospital between 2001 and 2005.
M.J.England & L.J.Sim
National Academies Press, 2010; pp. 488
ISBN : 978-0-309-12178-1
There is evidence of a long-term rise in the prevalence of adolescent emotional problems in the UK and in other countries. The aim of this UK study was to test whether time trends in parents' emotional difficulties contributed to these increases using data from two national surveys of English teenagers and parents studied twenty years apart (1986 and 2006).
This US report produced results suggesting that aggressive youth with personal history of trauma may exhibit unique biological characteristics, which may have important implications for classification and treatment.
A report from the Civic Research Institute (US) including evidence-based assessments and interventions for the real world.
Personality and Individual Differences, Available online 28 October 2011,
ISSN 0191-8869, 10.1016/j.paid.2011.09.016.
Sarah K. Davis, Neil Humphrey
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Vol 40, No 2, pp. 82–97, 2011
Judith Proudfoot, Britt Klein, Azy Barak, Per Carlbring, Pim Cuijpers, Alfred Lange, Lee Ritterbandand Gerhard Andersson
The field of Internet interventions is growing rapidly. New programs are continually being developed to facilitate health and mental health promotion, disease and emotional distress prevention, risk factor management, treatment, and relapse prevention. However, a clear definition of Internet interventions, guidelines for research, and evidence of effectiveness have been slower to follow. This article focuses on the quality standardization of research on Internet-delivered psychological and behavioural interventions.
Reports from the Social Policy Research Centre into the Housing and Accommodation Support Initiative (HASI), which aims to provide people with mental illness in New South Wales (NSW) with access to stable housing, accommodation support, and clinical mental health services. The Stage 1 Evaluation Report, Evaluation Plan, First Report are available.
Stage 1 Evaluation Report: www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/File/Report10_07_HASI_EvalReport.pdf
Evaluation Plan: www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/File/Report17_09_Eval_of_Whole_of_MentalHealthHASI_EvalPlan.pdf
First Report: www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/File/HASI_EvalReport_1_Web.pdf
Published in Behaviour Research & Therapy
Psychological trauma in childhood has been shown to increase a variety of psychological disturbances and psychiatric disorders. Although evidence-based treatments for children who have been traumatized exist, they are infrequently used by clinicians treating children. The present paper, from US researchers, describes the creation of the Treatment Collaborative for Traumatized Youth (TCTY) which is a state-wide partnership in North Dakota designed to disseminate efficacious treatments for traumatized children and monitor outcomes across a broad, rural, geographic expanse. The paper reviews the dissemination strategy developed by the TCTY, reports outcomes regarding both clinicians and child participants, and highlights problems identified in the project and solutions that were generated.
J.R.Weisz & A.E.Kazdin
The Guilford Press , 2010; pp. 602 (2nd edition)
ISBN : 978-1-59385-974-9
This study used prospective data to investigate the validity of a retrospective measure of suicide attempts from four different perspectives. Results from this study suggest that the reports of older adolescents regarding their suicide attempts are corroborated by their prospective reports of depression in childhood and earlier adolescence. Thus, there is support that retrospective measures of suicidal behavior, namely suicide attempts, may be a valid method of assessment.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2010; pp. 212
Editors: R.T.Salekin & D.R.Lynam
The Guilford Press , 2010; pp. 450
ISBN : 978-1-60623-682-6
A quarterly newsletter from headspace providing mental and health wellbeing support, information and services to young people and their families across Australia.
Freya Vander Laenen
International Journal of Drug Policy, Available online 17 November 2011, ISSN 0955-3959, 10.1016/j.drugpo.2011.10.005.
Drug prevention is insufficiently tailored to the needs of vulnerable groups and is often limited to the general population. A qualitative youth-centred design, based on group techniques was used to ask vulnerable young people about their needs and expectations regarding drug prevention practises. Participants comprised 160 young people, aged 12–21 years who had emotional and behavioural disorders and who lived in institutions in the mental health care system in Flanders. Findings showed that common prevention and education practises are often insufficient or not applicable to the participants’ situation. The young people criticised the institutions’ reaction to drug use because it tried to control and sanction their use and paid scant attention to their reasons for drug use. They also held negative views about drug treatment. Their experiences had taught them that control and sanctioning were the dominant reactions to drug use. Conclusion If drug (prevention) policy is to appeal to vulnerable young people, their views on what would make a good prevention policy must be taken into account.
Author: Signe Whitson
How to Be Angry is a complete social-emotional curriculum that provides step-by-step guidelines for educators, counselors, social workers, youth care professionals, and parents to help small groups of kids develop specific anger management and assertive emotional expression skills. Materials cover ages from young children through to teenagers.
headspace and the University of Melbourne have commissioned the Social Policy Research Centre (SPRC) to evaluate headspace, the National Youth Mental Health Foundation, an initiative funded by the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing (DOHA). An Evaluation Plan, Interim Evaluation Report and Final Evaluation Report are available.
Evaluation Plan: www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/File/Report20_08_headspace_EvalPlan.pdf
Interim Evaluation Report: www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/File/Report5_09_headspace_interim_evalreport.pdf
Final Evaluation Report: www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/File/Report19_09_headspace_EvalReport.pdf
Itsallright is a website where you can read the diaries of four teenagers, based on real stories, as they deal with the challenge of living with mental illness in their family. It also has useful Factsheets and Podcasts and provides an online information and referral service on mental illness including schizophrenia, depression and anxiety disorders.
The official journal of the Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses (ACAPN) Division of the International Society of Psychiatric-Mental Health Nurses (ISPN). Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing (JCAPN) is the only nursing journal to focus exclusively on issues of child and adolescent mental health around the world.
The journal publishes clinical, academic and research papers from all the key disciplines - papers which contribute to the advancement and enhancement of child and adolescent mental health and engender a greater understanding of the needs of service users.
The journal is the flagship journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and is the leading journal focusing exclusively on today's psychiatric research and treatment of the child and adolescent.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence provides a single, high-level medium of communication for psychologists, psychiatrists, biologists, criminologists, educators, and professionals in many other allied disciplines who address the subject of youth and adolescence.
Published three times a year, the newsletter covers issues related to the wellbeing of children and young people.
This research is from Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, The University of Melbourne and was published in Social Science & Medicine.
Mental disorders are common in young people, yet many do not seek help. The use of psychiatric labels to describe mental disorders is associated with effective help-seeking choices, and is promoted in community awareness initiatives designed to improve help-seeking. However these labels may also be coupled with stigmatizing beliefs and therefore inhibit help-seeking: lay mental health or non-specific labels may be less harmful. The authors examined the association between labeling of mental disorders and stigma in youth using data from a national telephone survey of 2802 Australians aged 12-25 years conducted from June to August 2006.
Social Science & Medicine
Volume 73, Issue 4, August 2011
Annemarie Wright, Anthony F. Jorm and Andrew J. Mackinnon
Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, The University of Melbourne
Published in Child and Adolescent Mental Health, September 2011
Background: To date minimal research has investigated adolescent psychiatric inpatient care from a service-user perspective.
Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 adolescents with experience of psychiatric inpatient care. Interviews were analysed using the grounded theory method.
Results: A core category, ‘Living in an Alternative Reality’, reflected the unusual nature of the hospitalisation experience. Adolescents reported feelings of restriction and disconnection and used various relational and practical strategies to cope with hospitalisation.
Conclusions: Results suggest that psychiatric hospitalisation can cause strong affective reactions in adolescents, and may affect psychological constructs such as identity and self-esteem.
This article from the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) provides a brief overview of the mental health of young people aged 16-24 years in Australia. It includes information on the prevalence of mental disorders for people in this age group, as well as their socioeconomic characteristics, level of impairment and the health service usage of young people with mental illness. Data are sourced from the 2007 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (SMHWB).www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/[email protected]/Latestproducts/4840.0.55.001Main%20Features22007?opendocument&tabname=Summary&prodno=4840.0.55.001&issue=2007&num=&view=
Yuan K, Qin W, Wang G, Zeng F, Zhao L, et al. (2011) Microstructure Abnormalities in Adolescents with Internet Addiction Disorder. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20708. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020708
Recent studies suggest that internet addiction disorder (IAD) is associated with structural abnormalities in brain gray matter. However, few studies have investigated the effects of internet addiction on the microstructural integrity of major neuronal fiber pathways, and almost no studies have assessed the microstructural changes with the duration of internet addiction.
The results suggested that long-term internet addiction would result in brain structural alterations, which probably contributed to chronic dysfunction in subjects with IAD. The current study may shed further light on the potential brain effects of IAD.
From the National Disability Coordination Officer Program, this resource contains lots of useful information and weblinks to assist with choosing employment, job seeking, deciding if and when to disclose and maintaining wellness in the job. Includes case studies from other graduates.
First symptoms of depression often occur during teenage years, and it can be a disturbing and confusing time for families as well as the teenager themselves. How can you tell whether it's just typical teenage ups and downs that will pass, or something more serious? How can we reliably identify and support teenagers with depression?
A report from Biomedcentral looks into the reasons why adolescents and young adults tend not to seek help when experiencing mental health problems.
Evidence drawn from many quarters clearly indicates that psychiatric conditions, and in particular posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) play a prominent role in juvenile detention. The precise extent of this, however, remains undetermined, largely because most studies in this area are too small, too unique (hampering attempts to generalize), or they lack standardized diagnostic assessments. In this article, the authors present their findings on the prevalence of PTSD and trauma among juvenile detainees.
From the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University (Drs Abram, Teplin, McClelland, and Dulcan and Mss Charles and Longworth); and Children’s Memorial Hospital (Dr Dulcan), Chicago, Ill.
Children and Youth Services Review, August 2011
Alison M. Dunleavy and Scott C. Leon; Loyola University Chicago, Department of Psychology
This report has been developed by an expert reference group of The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists’ (RANZCP) Faculty of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, and determines key strategies to promote and develop cohesive and evidence-based prevention and early intervention strategies with the aim of decreasing the prevalence and harmful impact of mental illness in infants, children and adolescents.
The ReachOut Pro Educational Module - Connecting Our Worlds, is an initiative to assist healthcare practitioners, youth workers, and those working in health promotion to better engage with young people through the use of technology. It is aimed at providing a basic understanding of the benefits of technology with some introductory "how to" exercises and practical solutions.
Residential Treatment for Children & Youth provides research and case studies to help you plan and assess specialized programs for treatment of substance abuse, dual diagnosis, severe emotional disturbance, and sexual offenders, as well as for children who have suffered maltreatment and abuse.
Journal of Adolescence, August 2011
Unni K. Moksnes , Geir A. Espnes and Monica Lillefjell
The Social and Emotional Development blog from the Australian Research Alliance for Children and Youth (ARACY) provides an opportunity for members and stakeholders to exchange information, post relevant research and reports and share their ideas and expertise on how the sector can better meet the social and emotional developmental needs of children and young people. It will also report on what’s being done to address problem behaviours (such as violence and anti-social behaviour) that may already be impacting on healthy development.
Journal of Adolescent Health, September 2011
Lydia A. Shrier M.D., M.P.H., Courtney Walls M.P.H., Christopher Lops M.A., Ashley D. Kendall, and Emily A. Blood Ph.D.
A. Dyregrov London
Jessica Kingsley Publishers, 2010; pp. 240
ISBN : 978-1-84905-034-0
The Gatehouse Project researched ways of promoting the emotional well-being of students in Victorian secondary schools, between 1996 and 2002. This website has been developed to make research results and experiences from the Gatehouse Project available to a wide range of interested groups in the community.
The intervention is designed to make changes in the social and learning environments of the school as well as promoting change at the individual level. It provides schools with strategies to:
Edited by Michael Colling
M.E.Blaustein & K.M.Kinniburgh
The Guilford Press, 2010; pp. 372
ISBN : 978-1-60623-625-3
This report from the UK was published in the August 2011 issue of Journal of Adolescence.
Help-seeking among young people is complicated, often determined vicariously by the ability of adults, family or professionals, to recognize, and respond to, their difficulties. Little is known about the complex concerns of teenage young people and how they impact on help-seeking preferences. The researchers aimed to ascertain the help-seeking preferences for a range of mental health problems among adolescents attending schools in an inner-city area of London. In particular they sought to examine the relationship between such adolescents and their family doctor. Using a mixed methods approach they explored help-seeking attitudes of young people. Emotional and mental health problems are not seen by young people as the domain of General practitioners. Moreover, there is a worrying lack of confidence and trust placed in family doctor and other professionals by young people. Young people do not tend easily to trust adults to help them with emotional difficulties.
Published in Social Science & Medicine
This US study uses the life course perspective and data from 16 waves of the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (1979-1994) to examine whether unfulfilled expectations about educational attainment, employment, marriage, and parenthood are risk factors for subsequent symptoms of depression among young adults in the United States. Results from ordinary least squares regression analyses indicate that achieving a lower level of education than expected, becoming a parent unexpectedly, and being out of the labor force unexpectedly at ages 19 to 27 predict higher levels of depressive symptoms at ages 29 to 37, adjusting for demographics, family background, and earlier mental health. These effects do not significantly vary by gender, age, race/ethnicity, or family background, and are not explained by being selected out of the labor force for long durations because of mental or physical illness, attending school, keeping house, or other reasons. Overall, this study contributes to the literature on stress and mental health by acknowledging people's expectations about the markers of adulthood, and advances our understanding of why the timing of transitions in people's lives can have long-term mental health consequences.
Published in Psychiatric Services, August 2011.
This study described the views over time of young people referredto early intervention services (EIS), particularly as they relateto the importance of relationships.
Research published in the Medical Journal of Australia identifies anxiety and depressive disorders as the leading cause of disability, accounting for 27% of all disability among females aged 20–24 years, and 17% of females from the same age group. The next highest cause of disability in young adults is asthma, but it is the highest contributor in younger adolescents aged 10–14 years.
(Source: Murdoch Children’s Research Institute website: www.mcri.edu.au, viewed 9 March 2011.)
The transition from puberty to young adulthood brings rapid changes in health. Anxiety, depression and eating disorders become common during teenage years. In young adulthood, substance misuse peaks and psychotic disorders become prominent,1 as do injury and sexual health problems. Also, childhood-onset disorders such as asthma, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism, as well as complications from perinatal and congenital disorders, persist through these years. This complex, changing profile of adolescent health is challenging in terms of developing comprehensive policy responses.
Medical Journal of Australia, March 2011
Whatworks4u.org aims to improve treatment for young people with mental health problems by gathering information about what works in the real world.
WorkOut is an online program for young men to develop skills for life. A joint project between the Inspire Foundation and The Brain and Mind Research Institute, WorkOut enables the young user to tackle their thoughts and attitudes, one activity at a time.
Through comprehensive results and recommendations, this program aims to de-stigmatise the idea of getting help and lay the foundations of good mental health.
From the Children's Mental Health Network in the US, this workbook provides strategies to engage young people in the treatment planning process and offers significant insights into strengths-based treatment planning. This new document is a follow up to the highly successful Youth Guide to Wraparound: Your Life, Your Future.
Advances in Mental Health, Volume 10, Issue 2, 2012. Theresa Margaret Fleming, Robyn S Dixon & Sally N Merry.
Adolescents alienated from mainstream education before they reach the minimum school leaving age have high rates of depression and seldom receive evidence-based mental health treatment. The authors set out to investigate their views on depression, help seeking and computerised therapy.
There are no book reviews or abstracts from Youth Studies Australia for this topic. Past issues of the journal are being included in the website. Please check back for updates.
This report from the UK looks at the provision of healthcare within the youth justice system, and the results of a pilot program to identify and meet a range of health and developmental issues. Original article
A spokesman from Telstra told The Sunday Telegraph the company would stop the charges to the 1800 number from mobile phones. The cost would be covered by Telstra's $250 million support fund for underprivileged customers. Original article
The recent issue of the LIFE (Living Is For Everyone) newsletter features commentary from Chris Tanti, CEO of headspace, on 'Young people, the internet and suicide risk'. Original article
The Youth Week website has an events calendar listing events that have been planned so far for this year's Youth Week. Events can be added and the calendar sorted by location. Original article
You Me Unity reports on a forum organised by the National Centre of Indigenous Excellence (NCIE) in Redfern and supported by Reconciliation Australia that brought together 76 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples for four days, representing all Australian states and territories. Original article