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v.11 n.2, June 1992

Re-assessing Street Kids: A critique of subculture theory,
by Gordon Tait

Youth Studies Australia, v.11 n.2, pp.12-17

Focusing upon the notion of 'street kids', the paper suggests addressing youth in an alternative way to the subculture theory associated with the Centre for Contemporary Cultural Studies in Birmingham (CCCS). Tait argues that not only is subculture theory an unsuitable mechanism for understanding homeless youth but also, and more importantly, it is itself fundamentally problematic. He suggests that the work of Michel Foucault necessitates a re-evaluation of the domain assumptions underlying subculture theory and offers in its place a model which re-locates street kids, and youth itself, as artefacts of a network of governmental strategies.

The times they are still a'changing: Characteristics of Tasmanian adolescent peer groups,
by Carey Denholm, Tim Horniblow & Rosemary Smalley

Youth Studies Australia, n.2, pp.18-25

In the research reported here, young people identify the various subcultural peer groups they are familiar with and describe the characteristics (often stereo-typical) they assign to the group members. The authors believe that as well as being knowledgeable about these groups, youth practitioners should consider how their own perceptions of group members may be biased.

Like, I'll tell you what happened from experience...: Perspectives on Italo-Australian youth gangs in Adelaide,
by Paula M Foote

Youth Studies Australia, v.11 n.2, pp.26-32

These excerpts from unstructured interviews with 21 young Italo-Australians provide young people's perspectives on Italo-Australian youth gangs in Adelaide. They describe the nature and activities of the gangs and are used to compare the perceptions of youth gangs held by inner city traders, youth workers, city councillors and police, with the perceptions of young Italo-Australians themselves. The author suggests that youth gangs provide an important function as a context for the social and personal identity of gang members, and she suggests ways to approach the perceived problem of youth gangs.

Participation and partnership,
by Sue Hetzel, Sally Watson & Lesley Sampson

Youth Studies Australia, v.11 n.2, pp.33-36

Youth-adult partnerships provide agencies and workers with a rich source of learning and constant challenges. The development of the SA Youth Health Policy provided youth health workers with just such an opportunity. This paper discusses the workers' experience of making the best use of the different strengths and resources inherent in this model of youth participation.

Increasing student retention,
by Graham Bradley

Youth Studies Australia, v.11 n.2, pp.37-42

The issue of student retention has been a central concern of policy makers, researchers and teachers for the past decade. This paper contributes to the retention debate by reviewing some of the key issues, summarising a range of strategies aimed at increasing retention rates, and describing the results of a recent Queensland study of school retention. The paper concludes with several reflections and recommendations of broader relevance to the issue.

Change the school environment,
by Lachlan Crawford & John Williamson

Youth Studies Australia, v.11 n.2, pp.43-45

Some issues in the provision of post-compulsory education examining the type of facilities, supporting organisation and ambience that could be developed to provide a learning environment more appropriate and acceptable to young adults.

Overcoming the rural disadvantage: A literature review and a framework to integrate rural education,
by Kerry Bell

Youth Studies Australia, v.11 n.2, pp.46-51

It has long been acknowledged that certain sections of the general community are disadvantaged in opportunities for adequate schooling and employment. One significant group classified in this way are those living in rural communities. Suggestions as to causes of this rural disadvantage and strategies for overcoming it have been proposed for almost as long as the problem has been acknowledged. While there have been a number of reforms, the most recent inquiry into education and training for young people (Finn et al. 1991) makes suggestions that the author believes sound familiar. For this reason, she has developed a framework that attempts to incorporate both existing structures and new arrangements more appropriate to the rural situation.

Spirituality in a material world,
by Patricia Hannam

Youth Studies Australia, v.11 n.2, pp.52-53

Last year's United Kingdom ministerial conference insisted on including spiritual development in its Statement of Purpose for youth work. But the notion of 'development' can tend to downgrade the experiences of young people. Patricia Hannam makes a plea for the service to develop a model that values the spirituality of young people. (reprinted from 'Young People Now')