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Youth Studies Australia v.13 n.2
June 1994

Factors influencing the decision to stay on at or leave school
by Brian Hemmings, Doug Hill and Russell Kay

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.13-16

The current move by the Australian Education Council towards a national curriculum is based on the notion that what students study is the central issue influencing their decision to stay or leave, but this study of students in ten NSW secondary schools found that the issue of curriculum is only one of a number of factors influencing their decisions.

The challenge of retention: Raising and meeting students' educational expectations
by Assoc. Prof. Joan Abbott-Chapman

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.17-20

'In creating an effective and student-friendly school all sorts of things like curriculum content, structure and delivery have to be addressed. Above all, however, it seems to be the quality of the teachers which establishes the climate for student learning.'

Youth policy in the USA
by Dr. David Maunders

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.21-26

'Approaches since the mid-1980s have focused on integrating young people into the community and using the community for the development of youth.'

Conflict and homeless youth
by Graeme Sturt

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.27-30

During his work with homeless young people, Graeme Stuart found that the teaching of conflict resolution was a priority need requiring creative approaches.

Mental health problems faced by homeless young people in North-East Melbourne
by Andrew Fuller, Jerzy Krupinski, Ola Krupinska, Ric Pawsey and Vic Sant

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.31-35

This paper reports on the self reported incidence of social and mental health problems of homeless young people in North-East Melbourne. Consistent with other studies in the field, this paper finds a high incidence of social and psychological difficulty including rates of 40% for suicidal thoughts and 24% for self-harm. The implications of these findings are discussed in relation to the identification of those at risk of disturbance and ways of delivering mental health services to young homeless people.

Mental health indicators in young people: Pilot results from the Western Australian Child Health Survey
by Alison Garton, Stephen Zubrick and Sven Silburn

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.36-39

Results of a pilot survey of young people in Western Australia suggest that growing up in the 1990s is not easy, but while young people are clearly displaying reactions to the stresses and strains of growing up today, their self-reported levels of mental health problems are no worse, nor any better, than those found in other Western countries.

Characteristics of juvenile gangs in Melbourne
by Megan Aumair and Ian Warren

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.40-44

Looking at the incidence of 'gangs' in one inner-Melbourne suburb, the researchers found that the groups formed mainly for the purpose of socialising, and that their activities were largely misconceived by the general public, who construed their behaviour as threatening and intimidating.

Naughty, immoral and depraved: Making young female offenders visible
by Judith Bessant

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.45-50

The term 'young offenders' is, for most of us, gender-specific, connoting troublesome young males. This research is based on interviews with young female offenders, and finds that what often causes greatest concern about their actions is their rejection of what is considered to be 'ideal feminine' behaviour.

Sites of trouble? Demystifying juvenile 'high crime areas'
by Richard Hil, Jacek Zuchowski and Roseanna Bone

Youth Studies Australia, v.13 n.2 pp.51-55

The Queensland government's recently formulated juvenile crime management 'Youth and Community Combined Action' (YACCA) program comes under scrutiny, with the authors questioning the program's practice of targeting 'at risk' areas.