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Young people's drug use when heroin is less available
by Louisa Degenhardt, Michael Gascoigne and John Howard

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.3, pp.11-16 (Peer reviewed article)

A study undertaken during the Australian heroin shortage of 2000-01 reveals that regular heroin use in the sample group declined over the period, while the proportion reporting regular cannabis use and recent psychostimulant use increased. Services and professionals in the drug treatment and prevention field need to be aware that the increased use of these 'alternatives' to heroin may pose a risk to young people vulnerable to developing psychosis, and that increased psychostimulant use, particularly when combined with alcohol, is associated with greater aggressive behaviour.

Generation gaps and fault lines: Vietnamese-Australian young people and illicit drug use in Melbourne
by Ruth Webber

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.3, pp.17-24 (Peer reviewed article)

In a pilot study conducted in 2001 in Melbourne's Vietnamese community, parents and young people suggested reasons for the involvement of young Vietnamese in illicit drugs. Both groups acknowledged considerable differences in cross-generational expectations about parental roles, children's behaviour and adherence to traditional cultural norms. These issues appear to be contributing factors in Vietnamese-Australian young people's involvement in risk-taking behaviour, including illicit drug use.

Alcohol consumption and drug use in a sample of Australian university students
by Jeremy Davey, Tamzyn Davey and Patricia Obst

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.3, pp.25-32 (Peer reviewed article)

Studies of drug use by Australian students have focused on school students rather than university students although overseas research has linked illicit drug use by university students with high-risk characteristics and behaviours. This ground-breaking study of substance use in a sample of Australian university students found that significant proportions of students drank to excess or reported drug use. In addition, a core group reported both drug and alcohol use, but heavy drinkers were less likely than others to report drug use. These results suggest that drugs are a part of the student culture, and that a definite but complex relationship exists between drug and alcohol use in the sample.

To tell or not to tell: The victimised student's dilemma
by Ken Rigby and Alan Barnes

Youth Studies Austalia, v.21, n.3, pp.33-36

Although the Australian culture despises the 'dobber', encouraging children and young people to 'tell' on bullies is a strategy that has been employed in Australian schools. Ken Rigby, Australia's pioneer researcher on bullying, and Alan Barnes analysed the results of a large survey to ascertain the usefulness of this strategy in reducing the incidence of bullying. They found that in many schools 'telling' does not help the situation and, in a minority of cases, can make matters worse. They concluded that children will be less reluctant to tell somebody if teachers are less punitive with bullies and more inclined to work with students on bully/victim problems.

Bullying at school: Secondary students' experiences of bullying at school and their suggestions for dealing with it
by Karen Nairn and Anne Smith

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.3, pp.37-44

A survey of students' rights in New Zealand high schools revealed that staff were more aware than students that bullying occurred in schools but students were more aware of specific incidents of bullying. Approximately half the students did not think that teachers would help if told about bullying, or that school policies would result in action being taken when students were bullied. Strategies suggested by students to improve this situation included both punishing and helping the bully, and increasing staff numbers on duty in schoolyards. Anti-bullying programs that advocate telling are unlikely to succeed unless these students can be convinced of the effectiveness of anti-bullying strategies.

The costs and causes of low self-esteem
by Nicholas Emler

Youth Studies Australia, v.21, n.3, pp.45-48

The Joseph Rowntree Foundation supported Nicholas Emler, Professor of Social Psychology at the London School of Economics, to undertake a project that examined what is known about the consequences of low self-esteem, the factors and conditions that determine a person's level of self-esteem, and the effect of planned interventions on self-esteem. Emler's review found that relatively low self-esteem is not a risk factor for delinquency, violence towards others, drug use, alcohol abuse, educational underachievement or racism. It is, however, a risk factor for suicide, suicide attempts, teenage pregnancy and for victimisation of others.

Last modified: 11 December, 2007