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Youth work, Aboriginal young people and ambivalence
by Dave Palmer

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.4, pp.11-18

The broad range of ways that Aboriginal youth are represented in Australian society creates challenges for non-Indigenous youth workers -- Aboriginal youth are often categorised as a 'youth problem' along with drug use, unemployment and homelessness. This can result in the targeting of Aboriginal young people under the guise of care. However, it also allows youth workers to involve Aboriginal people in youth work practice with Aboriginal youth. "So one effect of this troubling talk about Aboriginal youth is that youth organisations, largely managed by non-Aboriginal youth workers, are forced to turn to Aboriginal groups and representatives for counsel."

Work for the Dole: A pathway to self-esteem and employment commitment, or the road to frustration?
by Ed Carson, Anthony H. Winefield, Lea Waters and Lorraine Kerr

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.4, pp.19-26

A preliminary evaluation of the effect of the Work for the Dole pilot program on participants found that the program failed the most disadvantaged jobseekers because it did not respond adequately to the varying personal circumstances of participants. Although there were some positive aspects of participation, particularly for voluntary participants, the program did not build employment skills or increase employment commitment and self-esteem. "Young people are being unduly blamed -- and punished -- for their unemployed status in a market place that does not offer them long-term, sustainable jobs, irrespective of how many Mutual Obligation requirements they attempt to fulfill."

Enhancing the educational outcomes of boys: Findings from the ACT investigation into boys' education
by Andrew Martin

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.4, pp.27-36

Andrew Martin conducted an investigation in the ACT into boys' education. This paper, which summarises the key findings, focuses on gender differences in motivation and factors that contribute to the quality of boys' schoolwork, and provides an overarching framework within which to conceptualise not only boys' education but also the educational outcomes of all students. "Through sound pedagogy, good relationships, solid school- and system-level support and appropriate resourcing, boys and girls can develop more effective and adaptive strategies for engagement and achievement at school."

Graduating from the child welfare system: An overview of the UK leaving care debate
by Philip Mendes and Badal Moslehuddin

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.4, pp.37-43

Historically, insufficient resources and assistance have been provided to young people leaving state care. Care leavers have been found to experience significant health, social and educational deficits including homelessness, disproportionate involvement in juvenile crime and prostitution, poor social supports and early parenthood. The UK is leading Australia in terms of legislative and program reforms in this area, and this paper explores the UK debate around improving outcomes for care leavers. Attention is drawn to legislative and program reforms, including most recently the Children (Leaving Care) Act 2000 (UK). Some implications for Australian leaving care practice are considered. "The UK experience suggests that leaving care will need to be placed firmly on the political agenda if reforms are to occur."

Restitution and restorative justice in juvenile justice and school discipline
by Barry A. Fields

Youth Studies Australia, 2003, v.22, n.4, pp.44-51

How is the concept and process of restitution used by the justice system in Australia as a response to youth crime? Barry Fields describes the use of restitution as a punishment / control mechanism and as a healing process in the practice of restorative justice. "The use of restitution in juvenile justice reflects an emerging belief that, first, offenders should be made more aware of and responsible for their actions and for the harm they have caused, and, second, that victims of crime ... are entitled to compensation for suffering incurred."

  • YOUTH MONITOR: (pp.3-10): This regular column is an extensive roundup of Australian press reports on youth issues over the past three months
  • ABSTRACTS: (pp.60-63): The 'Abstracts' column is a selection of recent research papers from other youth-related scholarly journals in Australia and overseas, selected and abstracted by ACYS for their relevance and interest to Australian readers.
  • On-line info: (p.53): Three useful web sites for youth that the Australian Government supports.
  • GET IT: (p.54): In this short column, Anne Hugo summarises some newly available online reports -- among them the International Youth Parliament's Commission on globalisation, and the UK's Economic and Social Research Council's 'Youth, citizenship and social change' reports; there's news of a new clearinghouse for post-secondary students with disabilities. Next year this column will include calls for papers for conferences and journals.
  • OUT NOW: (pp.55-59): This column presents reviews of recent books as well as reports and various 'kits and resources' for those working in the youth field.
  • FROM THE PEAKS: (p.59): news from the peak youth organisations in Australian States and Territories. Contact details for youth affairs peak organisations are listed on p.64.
  • INDEX: (p.52) This issue also contains the index to all the articles published in the journal during 2004.

Keep an eye out for the March issue of Youth Studies Australia, focusing on the red-hot topic of youth, sport and obesity.

Last modified: 11 December, 2007